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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-25

A cross-sectional study of risk factors and preventive measures among patients presenting to a cardiac center


1 Ministry of National Guard Health Affair, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, COM-WR, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Clinical Nutrition Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences - WR, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abdulhalim Jamal Kinsara
Ministry of National Guard Health Affair, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, COM-WR, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJCA.IJCA_45_19

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Objective: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is highly prevalent and more so in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Although many treatment advances have been made, the patient outcomes do not reflect the progress. With improved knowledge about the prevention of risk factors and the availability of educational material, the expectation was that patients would become more knowledgeable. Materials and Methods: The design was a cross-sectional study with patients presenting at a cardiac center in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Results: In total, 350 participants were included, both diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Just more than half of the sample (51%) was male, with a mean age of 49 years. There was a high incidence of metabolic syndrome components: 30% of the sample was hypertensive, 24% aware of being hyperlipidemic, and 40% overweight. From an educational perspective, 45% of the sample received no previous education regarding DM, 34% were unaware of the complications of diabetes, 41% reported that physicians did not provide appropriate education, and half of the sample indicated that the media did not provide appropriate education. This lack of education and patient-related factors resulted in 56% not following a diet, 52% did not control their diabetes to avoid complications, and 47% was not physically active. Conclusion: There is a significant gap in the public knowledge of diabetic risk factors, how to control diabetes and appropriate lifestyle changes. Information received from physicians or the media is below the patients' expectations. A combined strategy to raise awareness and improve knowledge between primary health care and media, starting at school age and continued through all admissions, is mandatory. Governmental support is required in all the different levels of education to decrease the burden due to CVD in Saudi Arabia.


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