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Table of Contents
CASE REPORTS
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 62-63

Double orifice mitral valve: An incidental finding


1 Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Center, (Affiliated to BJ Medical College), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Pediatric Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Center, (Affiliated to BJ Medical College), Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Date of Web Publication26-Jul-2018

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amit Mishra
Department of Pediatric Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Center, (Affiliated to BJ Medical College), Ahmedabad - 380 016, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJCA.IJCA_20_18

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  Abstract 

A double orifice mitral valve (DOMV) represents a rare congenital malformation characterized by two valve orifices with two separate subvalvular apparatus. We present an interesting case of an asymptomatic 1 year and 8 months old male child with DOMV who successfully underwent surgery.

Keywords: Congenital heart disease, double orifice mitral valve, echocardiography, mitral valve


How to cite this article:
Brahmbhatt B, Vaidhya N, Jain V, Patel M, Mishra A. Double orifice mitral valve: An incidental finding. Int J Cardiovasc Acad 2018;4:62-3

How to cite this URL:
Brahmbhatt B, Vaidhya N, Jain V, Patel M, Mishra A. Double orifice mitral valve: An incidental finding. Int J Cardiovasc Acad [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 Aug 18];4:62-3. Available from: http://www.ijcva.com/text.asp?2018/4/3/62/237649


  Introduction Top


A double orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is an uncommon anomaly that was first described by Greenfield in 1876. DOMV represents a rare congenital malformation characterized by two valve orifices with two separate subvalvular apparatus.


  Case Report Top


We report a case of an asymptomatic 1 year and 8 months old male child, referred to our department by a pediatric cardiologist. His echocardiography finding suggestive of partial atrioventricular (AV) canal defect with DOMV with the small mitral annulus [Figure 1]. Tricuspid annulus was 14 mm whereas mitral annulus was 9 mm.
Figure 1: Parasternal short axis view at the level of the mitral valve demonstrating the two separate orifices of the double orifice mitral valve

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During surgery, DOMV anatomy was assessed [Figure 2], the valve area was adequate for his body surface area without any regurgitation. At this moment, recognition of DOMV has no impact on the patient's management. It might, however, be of importance at the time of a further follow-up where he can develop regurgitation. The patient is on regular follow-up without any mitral valve regurgitation or stenosis for 6 months, and he is doing well.
Figure 2: Operative finding

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  Discussion Top


A DOMV is an uncommon anomaly that was first described by Greenfield in 1876.[1] DOMV represents a rare congenital malformation. Characterized by two valve orifices with two separate subvalvular apparatus.[2],[3] The natural history of DOMV with intact AV septum is not known.

This case reveals the necessity of careful imaging of the mitral valve apparatus, not only in patients with AV septal defects but also in patients with congenital left obstructive heart disease.

It is most often associated with AV septal defects (it has been found in as many as 4.9%–17.9% of cases in necropsy studies),[4] but may also be present together with other congenital heart defects such as left-sided obstructive lesions, ventricular septal defects, or cyanotic lesions. Rarely, patients with isolated DOMV are reported. However, even in the modern era of echocardiography DOMV often remains unrecognized. The hemodynamic impact of DOMV varies from a normally functioning valve to (less frequent) significant mitral regurgitation (with or without cleft) or stenosis. Surgical correction of DOMV is indicated in a minority of patients undergoing repair of associated lesions. However, these patients need regular follow-up to know any change in morphology and function of the left AV valve in the near future.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
  References Top

1.
Greenfield WS. Double mitral valve. Trans Pathol Soc London 1876;27:128-9.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Das BB, Pauliks LB, Knudson OA, Kirby S, Chan KC, Valdes-Cruz L, et al. Double-orifice mitral valve with intact atrioventricular septum: An echocardiographic study with anatomic and functional considerations. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2005;18:231-6.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    
3.
Zalzstein E, Hamilton R, Zucker N, Levitas A, Gross GJ. Presentation, natural history, and outcome in children and adolescents with double orifice mitral valve. Am J Cardiol 2004;93:1067-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]    
4.
Warnes C, Somerville J. Double mitral valve orifice in atrioventricular defects. Br Heart J 1983;49:59-64.  Back to cited text no. 4
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    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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